New Jersey Urology is proud to offer specialized pathology services from experts who focus on the accurate diagnosis and staging of urologic conditions. Our highly trained pathologists analyze each specimen with great accuracy. They specialize in reading all types of urological specimens including urinary cytology, urinary FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization) prostate biopsy specimens, bladder biopsy specimens and testicular tissue specimens.
Our pathologists are trained in diagnosing the exact stage and grade of tumors so that appropriate, expert care can be rendered by our Urologists. Many patients and renowned hospitals have also utilized NJ Urology’s specialized pathology services to obtain more accurate diagnosis.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
What is Pathology?
Pathology is a broad term used to describe the science concerning the cause, origin and nature of disease. Pathology utilizes various tests to determine and diagnose disease within the body. In urology, pathology works to help doctors understand if there is cancer or disease present in the body. Sometimes it helps us determine if the patient is at risk for developing a cancer or disease of the urinary system. There are different types of pathology to know, all of which patients may experience at their urology appointment.
While at any doctor’s office, you may hear the term “general pathology” thrown around. A general pathologist is concerned with all areas of pathology. Therefore, they have a broad knowledge of how the body works and how cells respond to injury. When you visit a urologist, you will see a pathologist who specializes in pathology of the urinary system, so they have a much more specialized understanding of what to look for than a general pathologist.
Anatomical pathology is a science which allows specialists to learn more about illness and disease by analyzing bodily fluids, tissues and affected organs in the body. There are several ways in which these tissue are examined, usually in a manner that is minimally invasive. For example, at New Jersey Urology we are able to complete a prostate pathology by taking a specimen during a prostate biopsy. This involves a very thin needle that’s inserted into the prostate to collect some tissue. The pathologist is then able to know for sure if prostate cancer is present.
Clinical pathology is the analysis of blood, urine and tissue samples. Again, this is very similar to the other types of pathology, but clinical pathology is just a bit more specialized in this area. Clinical pathology relates to urology because we often take blood samples to test for various hormones in the blood. For example, you may receive a PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) Test, which tests the blood for a rise in the hormone secreted by the prostate. A clinical pathologist specializing in examining blood specimens will be able to provide exact PSA levels, so that your urologist can determine the best course of action, if need be.
When Do You Need Pathology?
When coming in for a regular prostate exam or physical, you most likely won’t need any pathology tests done. Pathology is utilized when the urologist determines the patient has risk factors for developing prostate cancer, if the patient is experiencing pain in line with cancer, or if the urologist discovers prostate enlargement during a digital rectal exam. Anything “out of the ordinary” will usually require further testing, so that both the doctor and patient have a clear understanding of what is really going on inside of the body.
Why is Pathology Important in Urology?
Pathology is an extremely important science within urology because it allows for confirmation of diseases that are difficult to diagnose. Prostate cancer usually does not present symptoms until it is relatively advanced, making early diagnosis difficult. With regular checkups, patients are able to develop a rapport with doctors and doctors can determine when something doesn’t look normal. The pathology can then confirm any suspicions, allowing both patient and doctor to develop the best course of treatment as early as possible.